The prostate is a gland that helps make semen. Its job is to protect and nourish sperm. It does its job by secreting a specific fluid into the urethra during ejaculation.
The prostate is about the shape and size of an average walnut. It sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum in your body.
An enlarged prostate happens to almost all men as they age. The condition develops after the prostate gland grows and excess tissue puts pressure on the urethra. An enlarged prostate can press on the urethra and cause urination and bladder problems.
Problems with enlarged prostate
- Dribbling at the end of urinating
- Inability to urinate
- Incomplete emptying of your bladder
- Needing to urinate two or more times per night
- Pain with urination or bloody urine (these may indicate infection)
- Slowed or delayed start of the urinary stream
- Straining to urinate
- Strong and sudden urge to urinate
- Weak urine stream
Treatments we offer
Many men ignore symptoms of an enlarged prostate or delay seeing a doctor, but the good news is there are many effective treatments. Urologists at Gundersen can talk with you about:
- Lifestyle changes
- Non-surgical options
- Surgical options
Two non-surgical treatments are available for urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. Both can be performed in the doctor’s office with local anesthesia:
- Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) uses radio waves to create helpful scar tissue.
- Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) uses microwave energy to destroy excess prostate tissue.
Surgeries we offer
When medication and other non-surgical treatments can’t relieve your symptoms, surgery may be the best next step. Surgical options at Gundersen include:
Prostate Cancer and Testicular Cancer
Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland and may spread to surrounding structures. While most men with prostate cancer have no symptoms, a physician can find prostate cancer during a regular checkup, using a combination of a blood test called a PSA and a digital rectal exam.
Testicular cancer is most common in men in their 20s and 30s. The cause of it is unknown. Risk factors include an undescended testicle, family history of testicular cancer and having had the disease in one testicle already. If you have any of the risk factors, talk with your primary care doctor about regular self-exams. The good news is testicular cancer does not necessarily result in infertility.