Gundersen Health System Fertility Center offers preservation options for both men and women. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation, bone marrow and stem cell transplants, surgery or other conditions may cause temporary or permanent infertility. Before you begin treatment that could damage the reproductive system and lead to fertility concerns, you should be aware of your options for preserving fertility.
Fertility preservation for women
- Embryo banking: Multiple mature eggs are removed and fertilized through in vitro fertilization (IVF). The embryos are frozen for future use.
- Egg (oocyte) banking: This procedure is considered experimental. The process is similar to embryo banking, but the eggs aren't fertilized before freezing.
- Ovarian tissue banking: One entire ovary is surgically removed, and the outer surface that contains the eggs is frozen for re-implantation later.
- Ovarian transposition: Ovaries moved within the pelvis so they can function, but avoid the area receiving radiation therapy. (Note: This process does not protect against chemotherapy.)
- Ovarian shielding: The ovaries and/or uterus are shielded from radiation to minimize damage.
- Trachelectomy: The uterine cervix is surgically removed. This may be an option for younger women with early cervical cancer.
Fertility preservation for men
- Sperm banking: Sperm is collected and frozen for later use.
- Testicular tissue banking: Testicular tissue, including cells that produce sperm, is surgically removed and frozen.