FACIAL BONES: PA Waters, Caldwell, Lateral & Modified Waters.
MANDIBLE: Towne, PA, Bilateral Obliques (best visualized on Panorex, if possible).
MASTOIDS: Towne, Schullers & Chasse III.
MAXILLAE: Facial Bones Routine.
NASAL BONES: Waters & Both Laterals.
OPTIC FORAMINA: Bilateral Rhese.
ORBITS: Waters, True Caldwell & Lateral of affected side.
PETROUS RIDGES: Stenvers & AP Towne.
SELLA TURCIA: Lateral Skull.
SINUS: PA Waters, Caldwell & Lateral.
SKULL: PA, AP Towne, Left Lateral & SMV.
- For trauma: AP, AP Towne and both Laterals done crosstable.
TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINTS (TMJ’s): Open mouth Towne, Open & Closed Mouth Laterals w/ 25-30° angle entering 1” anterior & 2” superior to the upside EAM.
ZYGOMATIC ARCHES: Water’s, Towne, SMV (Basal) & Oblique Axial Bilaterally.
- Oblique Axial: Position head as you would an SMV. Turn head 15° toward side of interest. Then tilt head to bring mid-sagittal plane 15° toward side to be examined. CR at zygomatic arch of interest.
- AP Axial (Modified Towne): Angle CR 30° caudal. Bring OML perpendicular to the film. Center 1” superior to the glabella.