Did you know prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men? Nearly one in six American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. With greater awareness, prostate cancer detection is on the rise and mortality is declining. Better treatments are allowing more men to return to active and productive lives after treatment.
Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland and may spread to surrounding structures. While most men with prostate cancer have no symptoms, a physician can find prostate cancer during a regular checkup, using a combination of a blood test called a PSA and a digital rectal exam (DRE).
Prostate cancer is cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body.
Thanks to PSA testing, most prostate cancers are now found before they cause symptoms. Although most of the symptoms listed below can occur with prostate cancer, they are more likely to be associated with noncancerous conditions.
- Urinary hesitancy (delayed or slowed start of urinary stream)
- Urinary dribbling, especially immediately after urinating
- Urinary retention
- Pain with urination
- Pain with ejaculation
- Lower back pain
- Pain with bowel movement
Other symptoms that may occur with this disease:
- Excessive urination at night
- Urinary leakage (incontinence)
- Bone pain or tenderness
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Abdominal pain
- Low red blood cell count (anemia)
- Unintentional weight loss